• Last time, Gunner and Otkel were on edge after both been shamed by the other publicly. Gunner has acted well, Otkel has acted dishonourably.
  • These two would do well to avoid each other.
  • Gunner vs. Otkel
    • Otkel injures Gunnar (pg 90), spur slashes ear and Gunnar bleeds, making it legally prosecutably.
      • Gunner could go to court over this, but doesn't.
      • Skammkel tells of this, and tells that Gunnar cries from this event. Dishonourably.
    • Gunnar and Kolskegg attack Otkel et. al.
      • Why no court?
      • Hallbjorn and Gunnar (92)
        • Hallbjorn obligated to defend brother (Otkel) even though he doesn't want to
      • Mord's response to the fight (93)
        • He doesn't do anything (bad guy)
      • Chieftans draw lots to figure out who will seek compensation for Otkel
        • He has acted badly
    • Gunnar seeks Njál's advice - "prophecy"
      • "Never kill two men within the same bloodline or break the settlement"
      • Foreshadowing
      • Could be read as supernatural, but also just as really really good advice from a guy who's good at this sort of thing.
    • Suit filed, mishandled, Gunnar countersues because it was mishandled
    • Njál's advice, arbitration (97)
      • "Some arrangement must be made"
      • Peace is made at the Althing
    • Njál is a really good guy....
  • Horsefight
    • Challenge Gunnar to a horsefight, cheat, lose, and want revenge
  • Horse fight and Aftermath
    • Egil and Starkad ambush Gunnar (30 men vs. 3)
      • Njal tells Gunnar to not travel anywhere without his sons for protection, which Gunnar ignores
      • Gunnar and his brothers kill 14 men
        • Humour (106) the leg was cut off with some dialogue.
      • Hjort killed by Thorir the Norwegian
        • Propecies, Thorir (104), Hjort (105)
          • Gunnar's dream of the wolves is prophetic of Hjort's death
          • No wolves in Iceland, symbolic predators
          • Icelander's believed that at the moment of birth, your death was determined. You can't change how it happens, but you can change how you approach it.
        • Hjort believed that he was better off dying alongside his kin instead of dying while fleeing conflict.
      • Starkad has been fighting in the back, Gunnar charges to injure one.
    • Legal Plotting, case against dead men so you can legally kill them
    • Thorgeir Starkadarson and Mord
      • Mord makes them pay money and arrange marriage for legal advice.
    • More people named/involved at AlThing
      • Legal advice from Njal is technically correct, but no one is happy (111)
        • New guy enters, and tells Gunnar that he will be friends with Gunnar if Gunnar abides by settlement.
        • For the good of the community
      • Hjalti
        • Well regarded chieften, offers friendship
      • 112 - Gunnar usually leaves Thing with honour, but this time others are envious of his status.
  • Outlawing of Gunnar
    • Mord plots around Njal's "prophecy" because Thorgeir isn't happy with situation
    • Thorgeir Starkadsson seeks Mord's advice
      • Befriends Thorgeir Otkelsson
      • Failed Ambush (115)
      • Thorgeir Otkelsson killed by Gunnar
      • Prophecy? Killed twice in bloodline, broke settlement
    • Gizur and Geir handle the case (121)
      • Gunnar and Kolskegg sentenced to lesser outlawry, full outlawry if settlement broken
        • Can gain honour from this, raiding, kings, etc.
    • Gunnar stays
      • "Too beautiful"
      • Morally in the right, why punished? (ghost on pg 120)
      • Rather stay and fight than flee
  • Gunnar breaks the settlement, killed at home, pretends he's not outlawed
    • For saga, pay attention to black humour
    • Arrows - Gunnar is really good at arrows, until bow breaks
    • Mord - burn the house down
      • Dishonourable
    • Hallgerd - Asks for hair for bowstring, she refuses. Bitter over slap.
      • So petty and bitchy to rememeber that specific thing
      • "your infamy will be remembered"
    • Gunnar fought honourably, injured many, and eventually fell.
    • 129 - people were sad about it, can't start a legal case because of outlaw.
      • Njal - Kill some people in revenge, since the law can't do anything. Compensation must be had in some situations outside the law.
    • Gunnar's Ghost
      • Singing, dancing, etc.
    • Who avenges Gunnar?
      • Skarpaden(sp) & Hoaksdad(sp) kill Starkad, Thorgeir, and two others
  • An Atlantic Episode
    • Kolskegg actually does leave
      • Goes to Norway
      • Baptised
      • Becomes a member of the guard in Constantinople
    • Thrain in Norway (before Gunnar kileld)
      • Gunnar's son-in-law
      • Impresses an Earl
    • Helgi and Grim Njalsson befriend Kari
      • Proved as warriors
    • Hrapp (140)
      • Really bad guy. Thief, murderer, rapist, befouls temples, etc.
    • Thrain shields Hrapp from Earl
      • Helgi and Grim take the blame - they escape, go to Iceland
      • Kari marries Helga Njalsdottir
        • Now connected by friendship & marriage
  • Thrain and Hrapp
    • Helgi and Grim demand retribution (155)
      • Spoiler, they don't get it.
      • Skarphedin and Kari accompany for support
      • Whole household engages in insults
      • Mocks their cause
    • 156 - Njal, Bergthora, goading
      • Bergthora - "No one thinks you have the nerve to use your weapons"
    • Skarphedin kills Thrain
      • Thrain needs to tie his shoe
      • Skarphedin leaps by, cleaves Thrain in twain midair, and is gone before anyone realizes what had happened
  • Thrain's death
    • Skarphedin's amazing feat!
      • Spares Grani Gunnarsson and Gunnar Lambason
    • Keril of Mork in "difficult position"
      • Thrain's brother
      • Brother in law to Njalssons/Thrain's killers
    • Ketil and Njal settle the case (161)
    • Hoskuld Thrainsson, fosterage (162)
      • Enemies close, or bonding between families
  • ~10 years later
    • Flosi, Hildigunn's uncle, introduced (162)
      • Njal asks for Hildigunn's hand for Hoskuld
        • Wants to marry someone in the position of power Gotti (sp?)
    • Njal creates the 5th court (165-7)
      • How is this written?
      • Is this honourable?
        • No, but it's ok because of a bunch of reasons
    • Lyting (168) kills Hoskuld Njalsson - why?
      • Thrain was Lytings brother in law
    • Hoskuld Trainsson seeks settlement for Lyting, Njal grants it.
  • Slaying of Hoskuld Thrainsson
    • Mord creates enmity between Hoskuld and Njalssons
      • Hoskuld resistant, Njalssons gullible
    • Mord, Kari, Njalssons kill Hoskuld Thrainsson
      • All inflict wounds, Mord gives notice of slaying, doesn't tell of his involvement.
    • Njal's reaction, "Prophecy" (188)
      • "tragic news... Deeply touched with grief... two sons for Hoskuld"
      • Njal thinks some people are gonna die
    • Ketil of Mork? He's in a bad spot
    • Gudmund the Powerful and Snorri Godi
  • Relative Value and Exchange
    • Silver from abroad 9th & 10th centuries
      • 11th century silver scarce
    • Vadmal - standard handspun/woven cloth 2 ells wide (~39 inches)
      • 1100s legal standard: 48 ells = 1oz silver
      • No consistency, different conversions
    • Extrapolated worth of slave between 10k and 60k