Surprising Things

  • Everyone dies, burns to death, martyrdom
  • Disguise as woman to sneak out of house (Hopni (sp?)) "my that woman has broad shoulders"
    • Given "fragile masculinity of icelanders" this seems dishonourable
    • Next saga - man wearing woman's clothing is grounds for divorce

Notes

  • The case of the slaying of Hoskuld THrainsson
    • Flosi plans to settle
    • How does Hildigunn change Flosi's mind?
      • Page 194 - praise, high seat, weeps in front, showers with gifts, to which he responds he will prosecute to "full extent of law", to which she shames him, asks for blood. Calls him not as much of a man. Drapes the cloak that he was killed in over Flosi.
      • Thoughts? Seemed like another instance of women goading men
    • Bloody token ritual
      • symbol of corpse formally charging someone to avenge them
      • Hrodny at Skarphedin (170) at Ingjald (213)
      • Implied mutuality
      • Cloak a gift from Flosi
        • Cloaks inherently "protect" and Flosi's gift was unable to protect him. Implied guilt.
      • Sparks emotion to inspire blood compensation, as compensation was for calmer minds.
    • "You are the worst monster!...take the course that is worst for us all"
      • She's trying to ruin peace
  • Flosi - wants compensation for Hoskuld Thrainsson
  • Njal - protecting the slayers of Hoskuld
  • Search for Support - Insults
    • Why ask uninvolved people for support? Find people that still pledge.
    • Njalssons ask many people for support
    • Skafti, Snorri the Godi, Haf the Wealthy, Gudmund the Powerful
      • Won't help, don't want to be involved
    • Skarphedin: description and insults
      • Cowardice, unavenged family
    • Hoskuld described as luckless (consistent)
    • Thorkel Bully (202)
      • Kills a dragon, much honour and fame
      • No one really likes him
      • Asgrim's request - "Don't say anything when we talk to him" to which Skarphedin grins.
      • Challenges (204)
      • Thorkel is Gudmund's rival; they gain Gudmund's support
      • Skarphedin insults him brutally (nid)
      • After building Thorkel up, he's immediately shut down
        • Plot to elevate Skarphedin to greatness
      • This process gets Gudmund's support because Skarphedin is so brutal towards Thorkel
        • "Enemy of my enemy is my friend"
  • Trial
    • Thorhall claims case is invalid - why?
      • There were 4 that killed him, but Mord never claimed to have helped kill him
    • Njal calls for peace (207) "I loved Hoskuld more than my own sons"
      • Ashamed of what his sons had done
      • Relationship between Njal and his sons change
        • Mord starts to drive Hoskuld & Njalssons apart, and the sons stop listening to their father.
        • Njal drives career of Hoskuld more than sons
    • Begged Flosi to accept settlement
    • Triple Compensation - so huge that everyone will have to chip in.
      • What does Njal add?
        • Silk Robe and boots
      • How does Flosi take it? - Poorly
      • Skarphedin?
        • Insults Njal violently, more nid insults.
  • Trial
    • Why does Njal add the robe?
      • If he wants the settlement, this robe is very valuable, sign of much commitment.
        • He tells his sons to "not fuck up"
        • Could argue that this was added in good faith, but he doesn't speak up when asked
      • If he doesn't want the settlement, he might add the robe as insult hoping that Flosi takes offense
        • The robe is gender ambiguous
        • If the settlement fails, then his sons might die, and they just killed his "favorite foster son"
        • Njal can't kill his sons legally, but this is a loophole
        • If Njal's sons are killed, Hoskuld is avenged, but Njal is not the direct person that's involved.
      • Why doesn't Njal push forward outlawry? Maybe he wouldn't be content with just outlawry.
      • He can keep reputation and still get vengeance against his sons
    • Why does Flosi take offense?
      • Robe and cloak similarities?
      • Because he can, looking for any excuse for blood.
        • Can't just reject settlement (dishonourable) but insults let him do it.
        • No one would blame him for this
    • Do Flosi and Njal really want settlement?
      • No, just covering their asses
    • Njal's Words, page 211
    • Settlement off, payment saved.
    • Attack planned by Flosi even before they leave the althing.
  • Portents of Doom / Awaiting the Doom
    • Bunch of tiny signs of the impending death that's coming
    • 217 - Njal just saw walls and table drenched in blood, Skarphedin tells him to bear up well, don't behave in "unseemly" way. Don't die afraid, die with head held up high.
  • Burning of Bergthorshvol
    • 221 - Why doesn't Njal leave? It would be shameful for him to live needing to avenge his sons. Also been betrayed, maybe tired of living.
    • 221 - Bergthora stays because she's bonded to Njal
      • Compare to Gunner & wife death
    • 223 - Skarphedin throws molar and knocks Gunnar's eye out.
    • Kari escapes disguised as a piece of wood
  • Aftermath of Burning
    • Ingjald and Flosi exchange "messages" (226)
      • Spears (haha irony) Ingjald gets hurt, but Flosi dodges and the guy behind killed.
    • Hjalti gathers bodies from the ashes (229)
      • Njal, Bergthora, and Thord untouched
        • As Christain, reminiscent of saints
      • Skarphedin with cross marks (230)
        • Easier to be in presence with dead Skarphedin, because no one's afraid of him
      • Thorhall's reaction (231)
        • So devastated that blood gushed from his ears and he fainted.
    • Decided Mord should prosecute case
    • Flosi dreams of burners all dying
    • Both sides muser forces Iceland-wide
    • Flosi visits Asgrim on his way to Thing (242) as offensive (insulting?) gesture.
      • Flosi is goading Asgrim to see if Asgrim will break the laws of hospitality.
      • Host vs. Hostile - linguistic similarities

Midterm Info

  • Bunch of multiple choice
  • 3 short essays, pick 2
  • D2L quiz answers available maybe?
  • More info available later

Ready for Thursday

  • Njal Christian hero?
  • Men being active and women being passive?